Based on the SDGs Report compiled by BAPPENAS in 2019, from a total of 280 data indicators with available data, about 52 percent (146) of the indicators have reached the target set in the 2017-2019 NAP. Subsequently, when they were combined with 50 other indicators (18 percent), it shows that about 70 percent of the 280 SDG indicators were achieved and progressed better. However, it was based on official statistics, and the report was drafted before the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on INFID’s PSC online survey, 67.9% considered that the achievement of the SDGs in Indonesia is mediocre. Indeed, 17% think the implementation of the SDGs to be poor. Some of the problems mentioned include minimum synergy, collaboration, and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. Regarding which goals might be achieved by 2030, most respondents mentioned goal 17, goal 9, and goal 4.
National planning, implementation and budget commitments
Indonesia has a strong regulatory framework on SDGs: 1) Presidential Regulation No. 59/2017 2) SDGs National Action Plan (NAP) 2017-2019 and NAP 2020-2024 (is being compiled) 3) Road Map of SDGs 2030 4) Regulation of the Prime Minister to implement SDGs at the villages and 5) 27 Governor Regulations for the SDGs Local Action Plan (LAP) (September 2020). However, in implementation, NAP and LAPs do not have a clear mechanism for budget-allocation. In addition, based on an online PSC survey conducted by INFID, only 42.9% of civil society organizations stated that they know about LAP, far in contrast with 73.8% who know NAP. In terms of financing, Indonesia applies budget tagging and allocation of special funds. Unfortunately, despite various SDGs financing initiatives, an online PSC survey showed that 45.2% of CSOs respondents did not know about the budget. Moreover, 52.4% of respondents stated that the budget is an obstacle to implementing SDGs.
Progress since last VNR
Indonesia has been awarded as one of the six best formulating countries for financing plans (2017) and one of the best formulators for Goal 16 (2019). In addition, in 2021 VNR, there is an effort to conduct consultations with youth, Parliament, and the Supreme Audit Agency. The government also used a human rights-based approach and recognized that the more profound the inequality, the more anecdotal the data. However, as most of the PSC online survey questionnaire respondents are local CSOs, the result shows that 78.9% of them were not involved in preparing the VNR. Only 4.8% of the CSOs were involved in the preparation of the 2021 VNR. This data shows that the preparation of Indonesia's VNR was minor involving local CSOs. Several CSOs representatives who participated in the INFID's PSC online consultation considered Indonesia's compliance to produce the VNRs is not in line with the SDGs realization efforts.
Key communities who face being left behind
Based on the PSC online survey and consultation, the following communities are most often subject to marginalization: 1) women and girls (53,6%) 2) persons with disabilities (45,2%) 3) small scale farmers (36,9%) 4) indigenous people (34,5%) 5) sexual minorities (32,1%) 6) Children and young people (31%) and so on. The majority of respondents said that the data was available, but it is inaccurate, not integrated, and not utilized in planning and policymaking. CSOs also collected many marginalized groups' data. However, CSOs data is challenging to recognize and integrate to enrich Government data because of differences in data collection methods between CSOs and the government. Some CSOs, such as organizations that work for disability rights and women's rights organizations,are those who actively promote inclusive decision-making and often work with multi-stakeholder collaboration to ensure the fulfillment of vulnerable groups' rights
How have you engaged across communities?
INFID has 88 members across Indonesia. Among INFID’s members are women’s rights organizations and other cross-sectoral organizations. In most program implementations, INFID always ensures vulnerable groups and relevant civil society organizations, including CSOs who work locally. Moreover, in the COVID-19, we try to provide sign language interpreters in most of our webinars and voice social assistance for the most affected and vulnerable communities. Several CSOs part of SDGs national coalition also actively advocate the need of the vulnerable such as migrant, women, indigenous people nationally and internationally. The challenge we face to engage the vulnerable during COVID-19 is limited access to the internet in remote areas.
Overview of climate change
As the largest archipelagic country, Indonesia is vulnerable to climate change. Around 95% of disaster problems in Indonesia are hydrometeorological (BNPB). In the 2016 World Risk Report, Indonesia is categorized as a country with high disaster risk. Indonesia's commitment to the prevention of the climate crisis is demonstrated by the ratification of the Paris Agreement in New York on April 22, 2016, and the issuance of Law No. 16 of 2016 concerning the Ratification of the Paris Agreement. Indonesia also launched the first green National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN 2020-2024) in 2020, where Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilience are among national priorities in line with the Sustainable Development Goals (TPB). However, the budget for the environment is still 0.9% of the total central government spending. The National Economic Recovery Fund for COVID-19 has also not been allocated for green economy policies.
Civil society priorities
Based on PSC's online survey and consultation, priorities of CSOs related to the SDGs are 1) Enhancing multi-stakeholder collaboration, with the government as the lead for SDGs implementation, 2) Encouraging government budget commitments to accelerate the achievement of the SDGs, 3) A clearer and non-overlapping regulatory framework, 4) Promoting public communication on SDGs, encouraging the government to guarantee civic space and the abolition of the Electronic Information and Transactions Law (ITE Law) 2008, 5) Promoting more inclusive development process and increase the involvement of vulnerable groups in the decision-making process, 6) Accelerate the effort to achieve gender equality.
Civil society engagement
As revealed at an online consultation for PSC on June 22, 2021, there are still CSOs not involved in regular policy dialogue on SDGs. For example, some CSOs in east Indonesia and Sumatra rarely get information on SDGs from the local government. 47.6% of CSO respondents of PSC's online survey have been involved in policy dialogue; however, 34.5% were not involved. Even though still very limited, BAPPENAS and other relevant ministries have invited some CSOs to supply and review data on SDGs progress, such as on children's rights and migrant workers.
Since 2015, SDGs have been translated into Indonesian. However, PSC's online survey shows only 4.8% of respondents answered that SDGs were translated into local languages. Moreover, 15.5% think that the SDGs material is challenging to understand, and 4.8% do not know about the material. Meanwhile, 91.7% of CSO respondents have used the SDGs to frame their advocacy.