Kenya

Overview of SDG Progress

Kenya has a multi-stakeholder engagement forum (also called the SDGs Interagency Technical Working Group) on implementation and review of the SDGs. The Government believes that stakeholders’ participation is important in guiding decision-making and supporting it in achieving its strategic objectives. Currently the SDGs Kenya Forum and Kenya Private Sector Alliance are co-chairs of the SDGs Interagency Technical Working Group chaired by the Stated Department for Planning as the highest technical convening arm on the SDGs process in Kenya. As a Forum, this has helped in guiding our processes - with specific inputs to ongoing work on the use of data and evidence by non-state actors on reporting on SDGs, the CSO-led voluntary national reviews, as well as engagement with county governments whenever undertaking the community dialogues. We have also provided inputs to other national processes - with members being active in influencing work in Goal 2,3,4 5, 16, among others. Since 2017, CSO’s in Kenya have been submitting progress reports to inform the Voluntary National Review (VNR) process. Save for 2018 (due to a biannual reporting cycle adopted in 2017), CSO reports have reported on the progress. Importantly, all of the 3 reports referenced mirror Government-led VNR processes. Areas needing most attention:
  • On SDG 8, during the COVID – 19 pandemic, many women lost their livelihoods thus taking away their bargaining power in decision making in the household.
  • On SDG 11, the government needs to focus on providing housing to urban informal settlements.
  • On SDG 7, import duty imposed on solar products has adversely impacted the number of people shifting to solar energy yet this is one key solution for renewable and green energy.
Goals we might achieve:
  • 1. SDG 3 – Health and Well being
  • 2. SDG 4 - Quality Education
  • 3. SDG 5 – Gender Equality
  • 4. SDG 7 - Affordable and Clean Energy
  • 5. SDG 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions

National planning, implementation and budget commitments

Yes. Initially Kenya developed the Roadmap to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Kenya’s Transition Strategy 2016–2018 - which outlined the 2016-2018 roadmap. Subsequently, another plan has been developed to help towards acceleration of the 2030 agenda. Additionally, since Kenya has a devolved form of government, each county government has to develop a County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP) - many of which very much align with the SDG Indicator framework when it comes to reporting. Budget: Budget lines are developed in line with priorities.
More information here.

Progress since last VNR

  1. The third Progress Report is an improvement over the previous progress reports. This year, the Kenyan civil society reported on all SDGs, except SDG 9.
  2.  65% of the CSOs were working at the national level while 35% of them are working at the county level.
  3. While Kenya’s economy was improving, as reflected in the reduction in extreme poverty and improvement in human development indicators, there are disparities among counties.
  4. There are deliberate efforts by CSOs to reduce gender inequality through implementation of specific programmes across different SDGs
  5. Direct implementation of programmes related to sustainable development and strong partnerships with government, as well as other CSOs is a key accomplishments of Kenyan CSOs.
  6. Non-state actors avail data and analytical support to subnational policymakers, other civil society organisations and the academia for tracking the progress of people out of poverty and investment towards pro-poor sectors.
  7. Financing is still the main area where three quarters (75%) of CSOs require support
  8. CSOs highlighted data gaps as a key hindrance to implementation of SDGs. This include inconsistencies in the quality of data that is available to CSOs to conduct research, to design and implement programmes/ interventions and to monitor implementation of SDGs.
Next steps
  1. Intensified awareness creation and capacity building to position county governments as SDG implementers
  2. Capacity assessment of both the National and County Governments to achieve on the SDGs
  3. Prepare and finalize an engagement framework between Government and Non State Actors on the SDGs. 
  4. Strengthening data collection, including data collected by CSOs and citizens. This should lead to not only recognition of their availability but also designing a mechanism to integrate such data in the official planning system. 
  5. CSOs creating awareness around wealth creation and financial literacy. 
  6. Enacting harsh penalties for tax evaders. 
  7. The government reducing its debt appetite. 
  8. Prioritizing the fight against corruption.

Key communities who face being left behind

PWDs, women, girls, youth, the elderly, farmers, slum dwellers especially in the semi arid areas.

Overview of climate change

Climate change is likely to slow efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger through its negative impacts on livelihoods (crop farming and livestock production) in rural areas. Increase in frequency and intensity of climatic shocks may lead to diversion of funds from development to response/relief activities by the government, thereby constraining investment in key sectors such as education and health.
Which policies must be adopted to address the climate emergency? These include:
  • National Climate Change Response Strategy, 2010;
  • the National Climate Change Action plan for 2018 – 2022;
  • National Adaptation Plan in 2015;
  • the National Climate Change Framework Policy; and the Climate Change Act, 2016.
However, strengthening implementation of these policies is required, particularly in areas such as climate resilient agriculture and infrastructure to reduce vulnerability. The government need to implement the existing policies on deforestation like the Energy Act, Charcoal regulations, etc.

Civil society priorities 

1. Foremost, CSOs are this time very concerned about prudent Public Finance Management within government, especially now during the COVID – 19 pandemic
2. An enabling policy and political environment that allows businesses, innovation and entrepreneurship to thrive.
3. The level of public debt and illicit financial flows fueled by corruption in the country

Civil society engagement 

Respondent organizations note that policy dialogue with government is occurring but through the leadership and convening abilities of the SDG’s with government counterparts. As an example, in 2020 Development initiatives conducted a county disability inclusive budget tracking in five counties – Bungoma, Busia, Trans Nzoia, Kakamega and Vihiga. It was done in partnership with Western Disability Empowerment Network and United Disabled Persons of Kenya (UDPK). The findings were presented during the International Day of Persons with Disability event on December 3, 2020 in in Bungoma County. Based on the presentation, the Governor of Bungoma County committed to increase budget allocations to programmes that promote the inclusion and participation of persons with disabilities.

National Coalition

SDG Kenya Forum

43%

SDG Progress

Obstructed

Civic Space Rating

monitor.civicus.org
2°C Compatible

Climate Action Rating

climateactiontracker.org
81.5%

Adult Literacy Percentage

30.6

Infant Mortality/1000

0.601

Human Development Index

Human Development Index
36.1%

Population below national poverty line

50.5%

Rural Population below national poverty line

40%

National % of Global Poorest 20%

Human Development Index