Mexico is a country of high inequality, it is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world and its economy is in the top 20 global economies. While according to the UNDP in 2016 only 3% of the population were living below the international poverty line (1.90USD per day), it is only ranked 77th on the Human Development Index and the government’s own assessment of multidimensional poverty suggests as much as 40% of the population living below the national poverty line. The Mexican government has been actively engaged in the 2030 Agenda and recognised the need to develop an inter-connected approach to delivery. The President’s office established both a Technical Committee and more recently a National Council for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to oversee implementation. At the same time, there is active engagement in the Senate, through a new Working Group and various key committees including the Foreign Relations Committee as well as key engagement with some members of congress. Usefully, in terms of localising the agenda, there is also a Commission for Sustainable Development established as part of the ongoing engagement between all the Governors of the states of Mexico (within the National Conference of Governors). Civil society engagement in Mexico has been supported by a broad coalition and has been largely focused on a dialogue with the government office of ‘Global Relations’ and the office of ‘CSO Engagement’ as well as with the Presidency. This has now led to a new programme to support civil society and develop the capacity of organisations to deliver the agenda.

What can be done?

Many CSO partners highlighted the need to ensure adequate international development funding for effective implementation of the agenda, in particular highlighting that although Mexico is considered to be an upper middle income country, the high levels of inequality mean that many citizens are still left behind. The CSO coalition also calls for better use of domestic government resources, that these should target those who are most marginalised, including gender equality and equitable access to health and social care. Furthermore there is a call for more extensive and inclusive dialogue with civil society at every stage from design to delivery and through to follow up and review.

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Adult Literacy Percentage


Infant Mortality/1000


Human Development Index

Human Development Index

Population below national poverty line

Human Development Index