Pakistan

Overview of SDG progress

As far as the policy and structural measures are concerned toward the achievement of SDGs in Pakistan, the government has made significant progress like approvals of National & Provincial Priority Frameworks, establishment of Parliamentary Task Forces on SDGs, establishment of SDG Units at Planning Commission and Boards, annexation of SDGs monitoring frameworks and indicators with all the government related programs and projects. However localization of SDGs, financing for critical goals and targets as well as capacity building of concerned departments and staffs on SDGs implementation processes are still a great challenge from all governments. Lack of coordination and availability of authentic data are other major impediments towards the achievement of SDGs in Pakistan. More information here. Pakistan Citizen Scorecard here.

National planning, implementation and budget commitments

The existing priority framework is not holistic rather government has prioritized the goals in three different categories. Category I: The goals in this category require immediate policy interventions as desirable outcomes can be achieved in the short run. This includes goals 2,3, 4,6, 8, 9, 12, 16 & 17 Category II: The goals in this category require relatively longer timeframes and consistent policy support. This includes goal 1, 5, 10 and 11 Category III: The goals in this category have longer gestation period and require major institutional reforms to achieve desired outcomes. This category includes goal 13 & 15. Furthermore Pakistan has selected only 69 out of 169 targets and 96 out of 247 indicators have been chosen to achieve SDGs until the end of year 2030. Baseline data is available against 50 out of 96 selected indicators. More information here.

Progress since last VNR

Pakistan had committed to present its second VNR in the HLPF2021 however in February 2021 government decided to back out from the commitment. While Pakistan has presented its first voluntary national review (VNR) report in July 2019 however no separate chapter was available on goal 16+ progress whereas reflections on goal 1, goal 5, goal 8 and goal 17 were given only by highlighting processes towards their implementation. Interestingly process and /or progress on any of the goal 16 targets or indicators, was also not even reflected in Pakistan’s first official VNR 2019.

Key communities who face being left behind

Socially Excluded Groups, Scheduled Castes, Transgender community, People Living with Disabilities and women are the most marginalized in Pakistan

How have you engaged across communities?

Pakistan Development Alliance is the largest network of CSOs working together on governance and accountability issues towards the achievement of SDGs that also includes representatives of most marginalized communities stated above. They are engaged in people scorecard processes through online formats as well as qualitative discussions to have their opinion and suggestions. Reaching out to most marginalized communities is not an issue PDA ensures their engagement through its 114 member organizations etc.

Overview of climate change

Ministry of Climate Change is very active in Pakistan and the country is winner of Bonn Challenge Award 2017 for Climate Protection as Billion Tree Tsunami was implemented in Pakistan after UNFCC Paris Climate Summit 2015. The current government has been implementing 10 Billion Tree Tsunami Program nowadays to make Pakistan environment friendly country. Furthermore government-led Clean Green Movement is being applauded by global community. Pakistan is among one of the most climate and water scarcity countries. However there is a dire need to run the sensitization campaign among masses on use of water and keeping the environment cleaner. The ongoing efforts of government would be fruitful if communities at large are engaged in planning and implementation processes. As far as the commitment to cut the CO2 emissions Pakistan is the first country in the world that has already met SDG13. More information here.

Civil society priorities

SDGs cannot be achieved without creating enabling policy environment in the country so one the most important demand of CSOs to the government is to address the issues related to civic spaces. CSOs urge advocacy and oversight efforts within National Parliament/ provincial and regional legislative assemblies to further discuss and sensitize the Parliamentarians on SDGs agenda and therefore urge them to hold exclusive parliamentary sessions for setting priority development agendas dedicated to 17 SDGs.

Civil society engagement

Yes Pakistan Development Alliance remained in regular contact with Planning Commission of Pakistan prior to the adaption of the 2030 Agenda. Almost 60 consultations were organized by PDA all across the country to ascertain The Pakistan We Want Beyond 2015. The report was submitted to the related officials at Planning Commission of Pakistan. The recommendations were added in the official communique. Looking at the efforts and capacity of AwazCDS-Pakistan/ Pakistan Development Alliance the Planning Commission of Pakistan invited us to facilitate them in reaching out to communities for collecting voices from stakeholders and citizens. The letter is attached for your kind perusal. Further the efforts of the report were also acknowledged in official VNR. Yes CSOs are being invited by govt.

Public awareness

Yes the full text of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and SDGs is available in the national language (Urdu) and it was published by AwazCDS-Pakistan and Pakistan Development Alliance in March 2019. Pakistan is a diverse country where we have more than 9 different local languages. SDGs are not translated in to all of them but in one national language (Urdu) which is understandable for all. The agenda is not much known to common people. Most of the Parliamentarians and other so called informed community including academics do not have any knowledge and information about SDGs. However some of the academic institutes and CSOs are integrating SDGs in their usual work. More information here.

Leave-no-one-behind consultations

In Pakistan a series of dialogues were held in different parts of the country in 2016-17 to understand the challenges and to identify ways forward to achieve the SDGs. According to consultation participants, age, employment type, low income, gender based discrimination, level of education, ethnicity, mental wellbeing and sexual orientation are some of the major factors leading to marginalization in Pakistan. Participants also noted the complexity of addressing multiple forms of marginalization, noting that that lagging behind in education or in access to health services or facing barriers to political participation alone cannot be equated with social exclusion but these disadvantages in all of these domains generally reinforce one another. Lower levels of health and education go hand in hand with higher levels of poverty and unemployment, as well as less voice in political and civic life. Key constituencies most marginalised in the country
  • Women
  • Children
  • The unemployed

National Coalition

PDA (Pakistan Development Alliance)

 
43%

SDG Progress

Repressed

Civic Space Rating

monitor.civicus.org
59.1%

Adult Literacy Percentage

57.2

Infant Mortality/1000

0.557

Human Development Index

Human Development Index
24.3%

Population below national poverty line

75%

Rural Population below national poverty line

24%

National % of Global Poorest 20%

Human Development Index