Tanzania, United Republic of

Overview of SDG progress

Tanzania Development Vision 2025 and the midterm Five Year Development Plans are the compass and main vehicle for the prioritization and implementation of Sustainable Development Goals in Tanzania. The institutionalized national Multistakeholder SDGs Coordination Framework was launched in December 2020 and it brings together Government, Civil Society, Private Sector, and Think Tanks using a whole of SDGs approach. The policy coherence for Sustainable Development has been implemented to a certain extent such as on Universal Secondary Education. but more work is still needed to achieve the overall policy coherence needed. Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform spearheaded the establishment of the Tanzania Parliamentary Group on Sustainable Development which was launched by the Speaker of the national assembly in 2019. The Parliamentary Group on Sustainable Development draws membership from all the standing committees of the national parliament.

National planning, implementation and budget commitments

Ministry of Finance and Development is the overall national coordinator for SDGs implementation in Tanzania, and Zanzibar Planning Commission is the coordinator on the side of Zanzibar. The National SDG Coordination Framework is anchored at the Prime Ministers Office for political leadership. Tanzania conducted SDGs baseline survey, and national data gap assessment inline with SDGs and the National Five Year Development Plan. Tanzania did her first Voluntary National Review in 2019 which involved civil society and private sector. Funding for the 2030 Agenda is through the annual national budget process inline with the Annual Development Plans of the respective Five Year Development Plan. The international donors/development partners support the implementation through national budgetary support.

Progress since last VNR

In the 2019 Tanzania VNR, it was reported that the country was doing well on 8 goals (2,3,4,5,6,8,10, and 16), and was not doing so well on 5 goals (1, 13, 14, 15, and 17). Challenges relating to data, coordination, and financing were also reported. Tanzania in collaboration with the UN Statistical Division, DFID, and local civil society and private sector partners initiated the process to integrate non-traditional data into official statistics to address the existing data gaps. In efforts to address the coordination issues Tanzania launched the National Multi-Stakeholder SDG Coordination Framework in December 2020. Immediately after the 2019 VNR, a multi-stakeholder debriefing meeting was organized and an action plan was agreed to ensure that the 2019 VNR momentum is not lost. Tanzania Sustainable Development continues to be the point of contact to the government and other stakeholders on civil society engagement and contribution on SDGs implementation in Tanzania.

Key communities who face being left behind

Women&Girls, Children and Young People, Older Persons, Persons with Disabilities, Rural dwellers

How have you engaged across communities?

Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform is working very closely with marginalized groups and include them in the civil society consultation processes on Agenda 2030 and national development plans. This includes Women&Girls, Children and Young People, Older Persons, Persons with Disabilities, and Rural Dwellers.

Overview of climate change

National Climate Change Strategy of 2012 guides the integration of climate change into sectoral policies and plans. This seeks to address the negative impact of climate change on different sectors and on the people. Tanzania approach to climate change is both adaptation and mitigation.

Civil society priorities

1. Effective and informed engagement of civil society and citizens on climate change issues especially women, youth, the elderly, and person with disability 2. Policy change 3. Accountable climate finance 4. Actions for resilience and sustainable low carbon economy 5. National Determined Contributions.

Civil society engagement

Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform has been engaging actively in dialogues with the government ministries during the preparation, negotiations, adaption, and now in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform was invited to be part of the National VNR taskforce when Tanzania was developing its VNR in 2019 and the National VNR report included CSOs contribution under each goal under review. Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform was mandated to conduct civil society and marginalized groups consultations during the 2019 Tanzania VNR and the inputs were integrated as part of the national VNR report.

Public awareness

SDGs have been translated into Swahili. TSDP has organized awareness raising activities for the members of the parliament, LGAs, CSOs, and the general public. TSDP is working the PORALG to develop a guide to integrate Sustainable Development Goals in Regional and District Strategic Plans. Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform and its members have organized and conducted a number of traditional media and digital media public awareness activities. There is an increase interest by academic and research institutions to conduct research on Sustainable Development. Mzumbe University in Tanzania has been organizing academic dialogues on Sustainable Development. TSDP members have integrated Sustainable Development Goals in their strategic plans.

Who is left behind?

A national dialogue was hosted to bring together civil society in Tanzania. According to participants, in Tanzania, many people are at risk of being left behind. Participants noted that the degrees of marginalization vary across the country, as well as the causes and manifestations of marginalization. Improving human rights standards and enforcement was highlighted as a key tool to combatting marginalization for all groups, and raising public awareness of the SDGs and rights is critical to leaving no one behind. Key constituencies most marginalised in the country
  • Children
  • The elderly
  • People living with disabilities
  • Women
  • Rural communities
  • People living with HIV
  • People living with chronic diseases

What can be done?

Participants at the consultation highlighted the challenges facing marginalized groups in Tanzania, and called for greater dialogue, collaboration and cooperation between CSOs and the government. The consultation broke out into three groups—rural workers, people living with health- and age-related challenges, and children, youth and women—and developed strategies and next steps to pursue.

National Coalition

Tanzania Sustainable Development Platform


SDG Progress


Civic Space Rating


Adult Literacy Percentage


Infant Mortality/1000


Human Development Index

Human Development Index

Population below national poverty line


Rural Population below national poverty line


National % of Global Poorest 20%

Human Development Index