Five years down the road, Uganda also developed an SDG Roadmap as an inclusive and comprehensive national framework for the implementation of SDGs. In 2019, a focal point Minister and Senior Technical Advisor on SDGs was appointed. The NDP II which was the last guiding framework for development for the last 5 years was 70% aligned to the SDGs. Uganda is therefore on the road to ensure full integration of SDGs as part of the national development processes. Notable progress has been evident in relation to SDGs 1,4, 5, 6, 8, 16 and 17 ( Uganda VNR 2020). This progress has been driven by progressive programming, financing, relevant legislation and policies, strong partnerships and collaborations among others. In abid to fast-track implementation of SDGs in Uganda, the following are critical; data disaggregation to enhance SDG monitoring and reporting, increase resource mobilization &financing, deepen popularization of the agenda and further integrate SDGs in sector plans.
National planning, implementation and budget commitments
National Development Plan has been developed for the next five years and this has been aligned 90% to the SDGs. The NDP III is designed to implement 18 programmes which are interlinked with the SDGs. The country also developed a budget that is aligned with the National Development Plan and also have a national Resource Mobilization Strategy that also clearly responds to the SDGs. Details click here; National Development Plan
Progress since last VNR
In 2020, Uganda presented her second VNR Report and the report highlighted several overarching areas and themes that Uganda will continue to pay close attention to in addition to the goal-specific actions that will be undertaken by various stakeholders. The overarching themes include: Stronger partnerships, Deeper localization and popularization of the SDG agenda; SDG-focused innovation by all the people in Uganda, especially young people; Focusing on Financing for SDGs. Government through the SDGs Secretariat has put in place various measures to ensure that the recommendations are realized. These include; development of an SDG localization manual, establishment of an SDG Innovation hub for innovations and a resource mobilization strategy.
Key communities who face being left behind
Marginalised groups in Uganda include Persons with Disabilities 12.4% Women 51%, Youth 65%, Elderly 3.7% and the indigenous communities Batwa, Tepeth, Benet, Basongora, karamojong.
How have you engaged across communities?
As a national network, Uganda National NGO Forum has a wide and diverse membership through our members we have different Organisations working with the different groups of marginalized communities such as Uganda Women’s Network, National Union for Disabled Persons in Uganda, Minority Rights Uganda, Uganda Youth Network among others. These are able to engage with marginalized groups and communities. Through our regional infrastructure i.e. the Regional Advocacy Networks (RANS) we have been able to engage in both regional and national dialogue processes with inclusiveness of Persons with Disabilities, Youth debates, issues of minority rights groups and the elderly through social protection programmes. However, there are still challenges with mainstreaming issues of marginalized groups and communities. Therefore, there is need for continued advocacy to ensure Government Fast tracks these.
Overview of climate change
Uganda continues to experience increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events manifested in more erratic rainfalls and prolonged dry seasons due to climate change. Uganda is a signatory to the Paris Agreement and submitted its NDCs of the Paris Agreement in 2015/2016.It also became the first country in Africa to sign the Partnership Plan for NDC to deliver on commitments under the Paris Agreement in 2018. Investments in climate change adaptation by the government have resulted into biodiversity accounting for USD$63.9 billion per annual as part of natural capital. Nevertheless climate change remains a challenge for sustainable development. Hence these actions should be explored; fast-track development of National Climate Change Law, mobilize more international finance to implement tangible local climate change solutions, to re-orient support to community-driven initiatives to scale up adaptation and strengthen resilience.
Civil society priorities
Over the last 5 years, civil society have retaliated the following issues as critical to the attainment of the SDGs. Income inequality and vulnerability to poverty remains high. The gini coefficient increased from to 0.40 in 2012/13 to 0.42 in 2016/17. Over 23 million people are vulnerable to poverty. Gender based violence remains unabated despite laws an policies. The rapid population growth at 3% exacerbated by high fertility rate. A national health insurance scheme for ALL is priority. Deforestation continues to escalate. Actions around CSO-SDG dedicated financing by development partners and protection of CSO operating environment should be prioritized for CSOs to advance their work on sustainable development.
Civil society engagement
For the last 5 years CSOs in Uganda have worked together under the CSO Core reference group coordinated by UNNGOF to advance the SDG agenda. Through this coalition we have provided expert and indigenous knowledge in government -led processes, prepared rejoinder and parallel reports on SDG implementation, community engagement through the Tondeka Mabega campaign and partnered with other civil society, academia, stakeholders and UN agencies. The CSO Core reference group is an active actor in the different technical working groups on data, planning, communication and advocacy, monitoring, evaluation and reporting and resource mobilization under the National SDG Coordination Framework. The coalition was also part of the multi-institutional Advisory Committee on Uganda's 2020 VNR.
UNNGOF in partnership with UNDP translated SDGs to 10 local languages. Many of the local governments are yet to domesticate the agenda, however in 2019 a collaborative and multi-stakeholder approach was established between the SDGs Secretariat, Uganda Local Government Association (ULGA), Urban Authorities Association of Uganda (UAAU) and the Uganda National NGO Forum to jointly undertaking advocacy engagements to ensure participation of all actors at that level. The Tondeka Mabega campaign ( Leave No One Behind) championed by civil society has been instrumental in engaging local governments and communities on SDGs. Research Institutes and Think Tanks continue to provide analytical evidence on SDGs in Uganda. The Agenda remains a reference framework in programming for CSOs.