Nigeria

Overview of SDG progress The nigerian government seemed prepared as it has put in place some implementation frameworks. However, the implementation process of SDGs in Nigeria has never been without some challenges though governments are doing all they can to ensure that they banish poverty and hunger in the land. Much more needs to be done especially in this Decade of Action to accelerate the implementation of SDGs. Nigeria has a population of 201 million according to the UNFPA. It is sad to note that according to The World Poverty Clock, Nigeria, with over 90 million poor people, has overtaken India as the world’s poverty headquarters. This figure translates to over 50 per cent of Nigerians suffering from extreme poverty. According to National Bureau of Statistics, 22.64 million youths aged 15 and 35 bracket are unemployed while yearly the number is increasing considering the number of youth passing out from higher institutions without a ready job. Overview of climate change Climate change is increasingly posing one of the biggest threats to our country, Nigeria. Climate Change is affecting our people especially the poor farmers in rural communities. Many of them are ignorant of the effect of climate change on their productivity; they only wander about and complain of erratic rainfall or excessive drought. They are flabbergasted about the changes in weather attributing it to the act of God. In addition, the herdsmen-farmers’ clashes expressed in wonton killings by Fulani herdsmen especially in Benue State is attributed to the attendant effect of climate change as the herders need to move southwards looking for pastures for their cattle. Government is making frantic efforts to stick to the Paris Agreement while they have also enacted policies and bills on Climate Change. One of such is the Climate Change Framework Bill 2017 which seeks to mainstream climate change response actions into government policy formulation. Civil society priorities The most crucial demand is for government to make economy work. There is the need to prioritize the 17 SDGs in a manner consistent to the yearnings and aspiration of Nigerian people. To be taken seriously are the first order goals from Goal 1 (poverty) to Goal 7 (clean and affordable energy) while the issue of inequality (Goal 10) and peace and access to justice (Goal 16) should not be left out. In fact Goal 16+ is the bed rock of other goals whose realization hinges on the realization of other goals. To be addressed are commonplace foibles such as impunity, corruption, insecurity, and shrinking civic space all of which impinge on the work of civil society and ossify the attainment of 2030 Agenda. Civil society engagement CSCSD as a national umbrella coalition is not relenting. Between 2012 and 2013, we organized grassroots deliberations on “the kind of Nigeria we want”. We were also part of the UNDP-led consultations on post-2015 development agenda in 2015. We produced a 260+ page book titled “A Compendium of Deliberations on Post-2015 Development Agenda” shared widely and serving as an advocacy tool with the government (Copies, available). At the SDGs inception in January 2016, we presented “Policy Asks” document to federal and state governments so as to encourage them to hit the ground running lest SDGs suffer the same setbacks that MDGs suffered. In September 2018, in conjunction with the Ministry of Water Resources Abuja we organized a roundtable on National Water Resources Bill before the 8th Senate. Public awareness CSCSD has translated the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Goals into Yoruba Language while we also came up with the annotated editions of the 17 Goals for better understanding of the local people. Local governments unfortunately are not actively engaged in the SDGs because the federal government is yet to trickle SDGs down to the local government; CSOs are the ones making efforts to bring SDGs down to the local level because many of them are at the grassroots already. CSCSD has a Think Tank drawn from the academia who are responsible for our baseline and other studies. An example of such is “Citizens’ Voices for a Better State – A Report on SDGs Household Baseline Survey in Ogun State, Nigeria (2018).”

National Coalition

Civil Society Coalition on Sustainable Development Maria Ebun Foundation Building, Atanda Estate, Alaaka, Off Klm 5 Ife/Ibadan Expressway, Box 15060, Agodi P.O. Ibadan NIGERIA. [email protected] +2348030618326 www.cscsdev.org
33%

SDG Progress

Repressed

Civic Space Rating

monitor.civicus.org
59.6%

Adult Literacy Percentage

108.8

Infant Mortality/1000

0.53

Human Development Index

Human Development Index
60.9%

Population below national poverty line

61.3%

Rural Population below national poverty line

65%

National % of Global Poorest 20%

Human Development Index